In the morning fog of Casablanca, a stone’s-throw from Santiago, Chile – provided that you could throw that stone over the enormous mountain range that divides Casablanca and the city, that is – the world feels very, very small. At least, it did to me on my recent S. American jaunt.
The world feels small despite the fact that those fog-covered vineyards (cooled by the effects of the mountains, which dramaticly reduce the amount of sunlight and heat compared to the city) are owned by Emiliana, a company that collectively farms the largest source of estate-grown organic wines in the world. It felt small despite the scale of how “all-in” Emiliana is when it comes to organic viticulture.
Part of the cozy feel comes from Emiliana’s Casablanca estate itself: home to wandering birds (especially the chickens, who eat the larvae of what are locally called “burrito spiders” but I took to be mites, who can damage vine roots), and alpaca (whose wool is sold by the vineyard workers). Part of the feel also comes from how the workers are treated here – they are trained and then help manufacture olive oils, hats, and various other native crafts that are sold in the off-season to help maintain their income when not working the vineyards (many of them also have named plots in the organic gardens near the vineyards, which helps supply them with healthy food).
But mostly the world felt small to me in Emiliana because they kept talking about Biodynamics, a topic that got very hot recently here on the virtual pages of 1WD. And they kept calling it… wait for it… the “science of Biodynamics.”
I can feel the collective shoulder-tightening ire of the wine geeks reading that last sentence.
And where did Emiliana get the BioD bug? From a visit by consulting winemaker Álvaro Espinoza Durán to Sonoma’s Benziger, where I visited in the not-too-distant past, and talked BioD with head honcho and BioD cheerleader Mike Benziger – and then interviewed BioD viticultural consultant Alan York (whose clients include Benziger and rocker Sting) as part of a more in-depth pro/con BioD debate.
And to further the far-away-but-close-to-home experience, I found the vinous results of this Biodynamic work to be pretty similar to those I’ve encountered elsewhere in the wine world… namely, inconsistent…
Look… you’ve got to admire Emiliana’s gumption. They don’t seem to do anything half-assed. Emiliana have spearheaded organic, biodynamic and carbon-neutral winemaking and viticulture activities in Chile, and have been at at it all since 2005. This is despite having to deal with challenges like frost and vineyard pests in Casablanca, the remedies for which are made a bit more complicated by organic and BioD conversion.
The focus on organic viticultural means that their farming costs, while still a bargain by U.S. standards, are higher than normal for Chilean wine production and so their profit margins are lower (they make up for it in volume: about one million cases are produced annually, with 950,000 or so of those being exported mostly to the U.S., U.K. and the Netherlands).
And yet, they manage to pull off a ‘down home’ feel: the vineyards, at least in Casablanca, are charmingly messy, with cover crop, wandering fowl, and many of the BioD preparations growing between the vines. It doesn’t feel like a massive, soulless outfit. No matter how you personally feel about Biodynamics, there’s also a certain charm in how dedicated they are to the practice (even if the chicken coops are a bit odiferous).
That didn’t stop me from challenging their tagline of “science” with respect to BioD, and they seemed a bit surprised that anyone would question the moniker. Which got me thinking that BioD probably isn’t anywhere near as pushbutton a topic as it is in the States. So I asked them if any controversies have hit Chile around the topic, they way that they have in North America. The short answer is “No.” Only a handful of producers are certified Biodynamic in Chile, and there simply isn’t enough BioD cultivation happening there yet to get the controversy gears turning.
My advice to BioD Chilean wine producers: hold on to your Chupallas, because it’s only a matter of time before someone looks deeper into BioD and starts asking the “WTF is up with this stuff?!??” questions (either that, or it’s only a matter of time before someone starts taking pot shots at producers like Emiliana, simply because of their size and success, and uses BioD as the veil for that criticism – sorry about the Debbie-Downer action, but hey, I’m from the East Coast and we get paid to anticipate shiz going all wrong, okay?).
As for the inconsistent part: I found quite a few of the wines that we tasted during my visit to Emiliana to be decent-to-pretty-good. While that might not sound like high praise (and it’s not, I suppose), it’s hard to fault them for delivering exactly the right quality at their price points, many of which are $10 and under.
I did, however, taste three of their wines that, to me, broke ahead of the pack – all of them very good, and one of them being a totally ridiculous bargain:
2010 Emiliana “Eco Balance” Sauvignon Blanc (Bio-Bio)
Yeah, I know, a B minus (that seems to be the red-headed stepchild of the 1WD rating system for some reason)… BUT… Look at the price, hoss – that’s a crazy bargain for the money, especially if you’re a starfruit lover ‘cause this has starfruits coming out of the ya-ya. Cut grass & lime make an appearance, too, and gives this SB more complexity that you ought to expect for the price of one of those fancy-ass froo-froo lattes at Starbucks.
2009 Emiliana Novas Carmenere/Cabernet Sauvignon (Colchagua)
You’d expect the Carmenere to be herbal, and you’d be right, but given the cooler climate influence you might not expect all of the red fruit, spices, pepper, and a generous sexiness in the mouthfeel. Needs three more years and then her motor will really get humming, so-to-speak.
2008 Emiliana Coyam (Colchagua)
Eight red varieties go into this blend, but they’re all from one vineyard; continuing he numbers game, there are two different oak profiles used. The result? A heaping helping of dark red fruits, & just the right touches of earthy grit & peppery green notes. Kind of like Chile’s version of a Meritage, only more exotic and for less strain on your wallet.
6 thoughts on “Biodynamics Hits Chile, Without the Controversy (At Least For Now): In the Vineyards at Emiliana”
Great insight Joe! I just returned from Chile and learned more about bioD wines from Lapostolle. The more I learn the more I want to know and of course the more wines I wanna try! I follow your journey…THANKS you inspire me to try more wines and ask more questions!
Thanks, Tammi – kind words!
You forgot to say that the SB fruit is not BD nor Organic but farm sustainably. The fruit for the Novas line of wines are farm organically and that the only BD wine in your tasting (higher price and better scored) is the Coyam. Coyam is better not because of the BD practices, it is been like that for ever since they came out with the label. Coyam has better fruit, better barrel program and more attention to detail in the vineyard and the winery than the rest of the wines they have (except for "Ge").
Hi Mauricio – sorry, I didn't mean to imply that all of the wines were BiioD, but I wasn't very explicit I suppose!
I can send you some of my pics from Emiliana when I went in 2008! :)
Jan – well, post some links to the pics here! Assuming that they're not pics of you in compromising situations, that is! :)
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